Janakpur: Exploring Heritage, Culture, and Architectural Grandeur

Janakpur: Exploring Heritage, Culture, and Architectural Grandeur

20th March, 2024 - Posted By: Himalayan Abode

Janakpur is a vibrant city renowned for its rich culture, historical significance, and stunning
architecture. The vibrant Mithila art that adorns many of the city’s buildings and temples is
another reason for Janakpur’s fame. The city is ideally located in the Dhanusha district of eastern Nepal (the Terai region), making it easily accessible for both domestic and international tourists. 

How to reach Janakpur?
The city is conveniently accessible by road and air. If you enjoy road trips, you can opt for a
scenic drive from Kathmandu, which takes approximately 8–10 hours, depending on traffic and road conditions (or from other major cities in Nepal). Alternatively, if you prefer taking a flight,you can catch a domestic flight from Kathmandu to Janakpur Airport, which offers regular flights operated by various airlines (the flight is typically around 25–30 minutes). Regardless of the mode of transportation you choose, you will be greeted with warm hospitality and breathtaking views upon your arrival in Janakpur.

Accommodation Options at Janakpur
Janakpur is dotted with a wide range of accommodation options, ranging from economical
guesthouses to luxurious hotels, providing visitors with a comfortable getaway based on their preferences and budget. Based on the requirement, these staycations are equipped with modern amenities such as Wi-Fi, air conditioning, and room service to ensure a pleasant stay for all guests. Whether you prefer a cozy guesthouse or a luxurious hotel, Janakpur has something to offer every traveler seeking a comfortable and enjoyable stay.

Best time to visit Janakpur
You are welcome to visit Janakpur at any time of the year, depending on your schedule and
preferences. However, the best time to visit Janakpur is considered during the months of
December and January, when the weather is cool and pleasant, making it ideal for exploring the city’s attractions and enjoying outdoor activities. Additionally, this time coincides with important festivals such as Vivah Panchami, adding to the cultural experience of your visit.Additionally, you can also plan your visit to Janakpur during festivities such as Ram Navami in April or Chhath Puja in October to witness the city come alive with vibrant celebrations and cultural events. These festivals offer a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the local traditions and customs of Janakpur.

Major attractions in Janakpur

Janakpur is home to many sites of cultural, traditional, historical, and archaeological significance that attract visitors from all over the world to explore its rich, holistic heritage. Some of the major religious and pilgrimage sites in Janakpur are highlighted below:
Janaki temple
Visit to Janakpur is incomplete without visiting the Janaki Temple, dedicated to Goddess Sita.
This temple is a significant pilgrimage site for Hindus and showcases beautiful architecture and intricate carvings. Janaki Temple was built in 1910 by Queen Bris Bhanu Kunwar of Tikamgarh,India, depicting the eternal love story of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita. The temple also hosts various festivals and events throughout the year, such as Ram Navami and Vivah Panchami,making it a vibrant hub of cultural and religious activities in Janakpur. Colorful markets surround the temple, showcasing religious merchandise and souvenirs, adding to the overall spiritual experience of visiting Janaki Temple.

Ram Temple
Ram Temple, located in the heart of Janakpur, is a must-see for anyone looking to immerse
themselves in the rich cultural heritage. The intricate architecture and spiritual ambiance of the temple create a serene atmosphere for devotees and tourists. Ram Temple, one of the oldest temples built by Amar Singh Thapa in the late 1700s, holds immense historical significance and is a popular destination for pilgrims seeking blessings and spiritual enlightenment.

Rajdevi temple
It is speculated that the statue of Rajdevi—the deity of wealth and prosperity— inside the temple
dates back to the 17th century and is considered a symbol of power and protection. The currentfacade of the temple was reconstructed in the 1990s and features intricate carvings and detailed art work that showcase the skilled craftsmanship of the artisans. This temple is acclaimed as the family temple of King Kushadhwaja, brother of King Janak. The temple is a hub of religiousactivities and festivals, drawing crowds of devotees throughout the year, most prominently during the Dashain festival. Its vibrant colors and detailed carvings make it a visual delight for visitors exploring the city’s cultural landmarks.

Dhanush Sagar
Dhanush Sagar—prominently known as the Sacred Pond of Janakpur—is located in close
proximity to the temple Ram Mandir and is believed to have been formed when Dhanush, the
bow of Lord Ram, hit the ground during the swayamvar of Sita. Dhanush Sagar gleams during
the annual Chhath Puja celebrations, attracting pilgrims who come to offer prayers and take a holy dip in its waters. The serene atmosphere and spiritual significance of Dhanush Sagar make it a must-visit destination for those seeking a deeper connection to the religious heritage of Janakpur.

Ganga Sagar
Ganga Sagar is another sacred religious site in Janakpur, located near Dhanush Sagar. As a majorpilgrimage site for devotees, Ganga Sagar is regarded to receive its water from the Ganges River
in India. The tranquil surroundings and spiritual aura of Ganga Sagar provide a peaceful settingfor prayer and reflection. Ganga Sagar illuminates with the colorful lights and decorations that adorn the temple during religious festivals, creating a vibrant and festive atmosphere for worshippers and visitors alike.

Dhanushadham is another significant religious site in Janakpur, known for its connection to the Hindu epic Ramayana. According to legend, it is believed to be the place where Lord Ram brokeShiva’s bow during Sita’s swayamvar. Dhanushadham offers a serene environment for spiritual contemplation and meditation with its tranquil surroundings and historical significance. Visitors can immerse themselves in the sacred stories and legends that are intricately woven into the fabric of this revered site.

Parsuram Kunda
Located around 4 km west of Dhanushadham, Parsuram Kunda is a holy pond believed to have been created by Lord Parshuram. Mythologically it is believed that Parsuram Kunda was formed when Maharishi Parshuram calmed himself down by taking a shower after his confrontation with Ram regarding the breaking of the sacred bow of Lord Shiva. It is said that taking a dip in the waters of Parsuram Kunda can cleanse one’s sins and bring blessings from the gods. The peaceful ambiance and spiritual energy of Parsuram Kunda make it a popular destination for pilgrims seeking spiritual rejuvenation.

Manimandap is one of the underrated pilgrimage sites in Janakpur. It is believed to be the eternal spot where Lord Ram and Goddess Sita performed their marriage ceremony. The intricate carvings and architecture of Manimandap make it a must-visit for those interested in Hindu mythology and history. The serene atmosphere and historical significance of Manimandap attract devotees seeking a deeper connection to the epic Ramayana.


Jaleshwarnath Temple is another important pilgrimage site in Janakpur, devoted to Lord Shiva.The unique architecture and religious significance of the temple draw devotees from far and wide to seek blessings and spiritual fulfillment. Mythologically, it is believed that the divine soil from the temple’s premises is retrieved during the marriage ceremony of Lord Ram and Goddess Sita, making it a sacred spot for devotees. The temple also hosts various religious ceremonies and festivals like Maha Shivaratri throughout the year, adding to its spiritual allure.In addition to some of these religious and spiritual sites, Janakpur is also known for its vibrantculture, colorful festivals, and traditional art forms that showcase the rich heritage of the region.The city is a hub of traditional music, dance, and cuisine that attract tourists looking to immerse themselves in the local culture and traditions. So, pack your bags, embark on your journey, andget ready to discover the enchanting charms of Janakpur!